Integrated Hydraulic Fracturing Water Remediation
Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking) has provided the world with a vast supply of relatively inexpensive Natural Gas. The water required for the fracking process however, presents a significant challenge to the industry, both in the expense in procuring the water and more importantly in treating the water in an environmentally responsible manner.
To frack a well, millions of gallons of water, chemicals and tiny particles of sand, quartz or ceramics are pumped into shale rock formations. The high-pressure liquids crack apart the rock, and the sand holds open the fractures. This allows trapped gas to flow into the well and up to the surface.
Many chemicals are added to the water used for fracking, including biocides to kill the underground bacteria, emulsifiers to allow the silica to slide into the fractures more easily, scale inhibitors to reduce minerals that clog pipes and lubricants for the smooth operation of pumps and other machinery.
In addition to the substances intentionally introduced to the fracking water, naturally occurring water which flows back to the surface with the fracking water creates problems too, because it can contain salts, minerals, metals and sometimes radioactive elements.
While many worry that the fracking process itself contaminates the groundwater, evidence suggests that the mismanagement of wastewater is the greatest environmental threat.
Top Issues Surrounding Fracking
120,000 to 190,000 barrels of fresh water is needed to frack one gas well. The current practice is to pull this water from fresh water sources such as rivers, lakes and aquifers.
Road Wear, Noise and Traffic
Moving the water used at one well can require upwards of 1500 two-way truck trips. This movement causes major damage to rural roads that were not built for this kind of heavy traffic.
Fracking Water Disposal
The current practice is to dispose of waste water that flows back out of a well. Typically this industrial waste has been dumped back down old unused wells, or stored in tailings ponds, endangering wildlife. In 2012 this activity amounted to 730 billion gallons of water completely removed from the fresh water cycle.
The solution NOAH Water Technologies has researched and developed includes a unique set of advanced technologies that are targeted at converting discarded water and waste heat into valuable resources.
Advanced Purification Technology
There is only one way to describe the water processed with our exclusive purification system, healthy. Our processed water finishes even cleaner than before it was used in the fracking process.
The water is not just cleaner—it is better. As a result of our remediation process, the water particles are broken down into smaller clusters which means that it has been improved for both the fracking process, and release into the environment.
Fracking: Smaller water clusters means the water will move more efficiently into the cracks formed in the fracking process.
Environmentally: The smaller clusters allow plants to absorb both water and nutrients in a far more efficient manner.
We provide our service at a cost per gallon processed or on a monthly rental agreement, as determined by the application and condition of the water requiring treatment.
The NOAH Mustang System
The NOAH Mustang System has been developed using several innovative water remediation technologies, each one tackling a different aspect of the water cleaning process. Our research has determined that an integrated suite of technologies can provide a result that far exceeds the sum of its parts. Subsequently, we can prescribe tailor-made, synergistic solutions to satisfy the unique demands of a broad range of applications.
Not only does the NOAH system produce some of the best water on the planet, it does so using technology that is low-energy, and without the need for membranes, replaceable filters, or chemicals to achieve this end. Most importantly, the water that emerges is highly oxygenated and ”vital”. In its finished condition, it is most conducive to both plant and animal overall growth and health.
The water is not just clean it is healthy.
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
The NOAH process reduces the amount of water being drawn from other sources because it is can be recycled and reused for the next fracking operation.
We can also extract the sand, silica, and ceramic particles from the water for reuse as well.
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